An Investors’ Rights Agreement is a complex legal document outlining the rights and responsibilities of investors when purchasing a company’s stock or other kind of securities. Investors’ Rights Agreements can cover several different rights awarded to the investors, depending on the agreement between the two parties. Almost always although the agreement will cover three basic investors’ rights: Registration rights, Information Rights, and Rights of First Rejection.
Registration Rights are contractual rights of holders of securities to have the transfer of those securities registered with the SEC under the Securities Act of 1933. In other words, Registration Rights entitle investors to force a professional to register shares of common stock issuable upon conversion of preferred stock with the Securities and Exchange Commission. A venture capitalist shareholder especially wants the ability to register his shares because registration provides it with the ability to freely sell the shares without complying with the restrictions of Rule 144.
In any solid Investors’ Rights Agreement, the investors will also secure a promise from the company that they can maintain “true books and records of account” within a system of accounting in line with accepted accounting systems. The also must covenant anytime the end of each fiscal year it will furnish every single stockholder an account balance sheet of this company, revealing the financials of an additional such as gross revenue, losses, profit, and monetary. The company will also provide, in advance, an annual budget for everybody year including a financial report after each fiscal quarter.
Finally, the investors will almost always want to secure a right of first refusal in the Agreement. Which means that each major investor shall have the authority to purchase a pro rata share of any new offering of equity securities by the company. This means that the company must provide ample notice to the shareholders of the equity offering, and permit each shareholder a specific quantity of time to exercise their specific right. Generally, 120 days is handed. If after 120 days the shareholder does not exercise her / his right, versus the company shall have the option to sell the stock to more events. The Agreement should also address whether or even otherwise the shareholders have the to transfer these rights of first refusal.
There as well special rights usually awarded to large venture capitalist investors, like the right to elect one or more of youre able to send directors and the right to participate in manage of any shares made by the founders of the company (a so-called “Co Founder IP Assignement Ageement India-sale” right). Yet generally speaking, view rights embodied in an Investors’ Rights Agreement always be the right to join up one’s stock with the SEC, the correct to receive information for the company on a consistent basis, and obtaining to purchase stock any kind of new issuance.